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>> the nra today is known for being very rarely compromising 0.10 of gun-control but it was not always this way. founded after the civil war by two unions soldiers who were convinced for marksmanship is why the war lasted so long and wanted to improve marksmanship training. in the 1920's and 30's the nra drafted and endorsed gun-control laws requiring
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anyone who want to toots carry a concealed weapon to have a license only allow goes to go to people with the proper reason for carrying their firearms. research found 1934 when the federal government congress passed the first major gun-control law the firearms act of 1934 restricting access to gangster weapons like machine guns and sawed off shotguns frederick was asked to testify does the second amendment have any relevance to the national firearms act? his answer from the perspective of today is remarkable. he said i have not given any study from that point* abuse of the head of the nra thought of the most far-reaching blog today was impacted by the second amendment. that change the late '70s when the nra went a radical
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transformation becoming more politically active hard-line. >> my eight with 1968 with the assassination of jfk and then passing the most legislation did that play a part? what were the factors to the nra to pivot on the issue of gun control? >> you are right to talk about the gun-control act of 1968 which was then next to be passed but it required licensing for gun dealers and to ban the importation of cheap firearms but that law sparked a movement of
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those who are opposed to government control and the head of the nra to endorse the gun control act with the mayor can riflemen axle rich devise a plan to say i want to retreat from political activity to move the headquarters out of washington move to colorado springs with hunting and recreational shooting but this angered a group of dissidents who thought denser not primarily about hunting but personal protection in the era of rising crime rates. this group of dissidents led a dramatic middle of the night to go into the annual membership meeting to orchestrate a well thought out carefully devised a plan to oust the entire the the
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ship to replace with the new dissident hard-liners. when they recommitted to activity dismayed the second amendment the heart and soul of the nra. >> when was hurled 10 has 10 and vault? >> he became involved one of the great spokesmen for the nra as a famous picture of my cold dead hands. one of the things that i found was charlton heston was not the first to say from my cold dead hands what i found was among blacks the same attitude was prevalent you only take my a gun from my cold dead hands. blacks are always disarmed prior to that but for the first time southern blacks get their hands on guns. the army cannot afford to pay its soldiers so deducts
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from those back wages. other african americans literally flooded with firearms that were produced but not the same necessity and the kkk formed after the civil war was due to gun-control to get them away from african americans then they could fight back. took to gathering in big groups and costumes in large numbers be cut as the african americans had done and they wanted to outnumber them and they refuse to give up their guns and fought valiantly also from my cold dead hands unfortunately for some they found the guns
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were taken from their cold dead hand. >> plus 4100 years into the 1960's two make a surprising connection between the black panthers and the rise of the modern gun rights movement. can you explain that? pmi talking of one of the most remarkable incidence of the history of been control which was the day may 1967 when a group of 30 black panthers goes to the california state capital with loaded rifles and shotguns and pistols to talk up -- walked up the main steps into the legislative chamber that is in session. they were not there to do violence but as a political protest who was that word disarmed -- designed to disarm the black panthers
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that are roaming around with their guns openly displayed and that was supported not just by democrats but conservatives as well and the governor at the time strongly supports a lot to say he did not see any reason why anybody should carry guns on the streets he would become president of the united states, ronald reagan and he was the big endorser of good gun-control law that these that many people thought was not designed to control guns but urban blacks who were riding and committing a lot of crime especially in the urban area but these laws were to restrict access to black radicals and sparked a
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backlash among conservatives who were convinced the government was coming to get their guns next. >> going forward to the debates over gun-control and gun rights we have seen in the last five or 10 years why do you think the advocates of the second amendment rights have become so dominant? weir is just about a zeroth chance of passing of any state legislature or in congress anything to smack of gun-control today. what has changed politically over the past decade to put us in this situation in? >> a major push for gun control in the '60s especially was a reflection of vague great society philosophy that there are social problems the government can sell those with new legislation in over
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the course of the 1970's and 80's, more people lost faith with that idea. people think the nra and gun lobby is powerful because they have money but they have money because they have a lot of members the people who believe very strongly in their political agenda of. the reason it is so strong is because millions of voters go out to vote on election day this being the only issue if you can leverage that type of constituency will be incredibly successful so much so that the current administration in washington but to receive the f. rating from the bradys center because they only listen and the gun-control laws so it is an issue that they do
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want to touch it to see it as a political loser. >> to take us from the american revolution, what do you think is wrong with the debate we have today over gun rates how would you improve of the public discourse on guns? >> one of the problems it has been dominated by extremists on both sides of the aisle to say again rise separate -- supporters being extreme in their opposition and unwilling to support gun laws because they think it will lead to mou down a slippery slope but the other side has been unreasonable as well have often sought to take all the guns away to do a washington d.c. did to
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make them not useful and after that was obvious with the unrealistic agenda to support an effective and silly losses that could not hope to reduce gun cryer. i argue i am hopeful that the heller case might be an opening to a new future of the gun debate where where people's right is protected by the supreme court that the same time to have effective gun control laws that don't go too far. i am hopeful
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Book TV
CSPAN March 4, 2013 5:00am-6:00am EST

Education. (2013) 'Guns in America.'

TOPIC FREQUENCY Panthers 2, Washington 2, Heller 1, Charlton Heston 1, Ronald Reagan 1, Cryer 1, Weir 1, Washington D.c. 1, Colorado 1, California 1, Marksmanship 1
Network CSPAN
Duration 01:00:00
Scanned in San Francisco, CA, USA
Source Comcast Cable
Tuner Channel 17 (141 MHz)
Video Codec mpeg2video
Audio Cocec ac3
Pixel width 704
Pixel height 480
Sponsor Internet Archive
Audio/Visual sound, color

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on 3/4/2013